Advanced product configuration scenarios can be achieved using product variations. Product variations are alternative representations of a product, which can be used on your Storefronts to achieve various marketing goals.
Advanced product configuration scenarios can be achieved using product variations. Product variations are alternative representations of a product, which can be used on your Storefronts to achieve various marketing goals. To better illustrate what a product variation is, let’s take a look at this example:
You have created a new product called Space Adventure. You also offer your original product, called Island Adventure. License keys for Island Adventure are generated using an external script. When customers purchase the new Space Adventure product, you want to offer them Island Adventure as a cross-sell with a reduced price. You only want the discount to apply for customers who have selected to purchase Space Adventure; customers who only select Island Adventure by itself must pay full price.
Rather than duplicating your original Island Adventure product in order to assign a special price or apply a discount for cross-sells, you can create a product variation and edit the variation’s price or apply a discount to the variation. As a result, your original product is intact, you can offer Island Adventure as a discounted cross-sell, and the license generator is shared among the variations for a simpler setup.
Another example of using product variations might be a holiday-related promotion. You could create a holiday-themed Storefront and make special discounted product variations for the promotion, and add the variations to the Homepage of the holiday-themed Storefront, while keeping your original products intact and switching back to the main Storefront at any time.
Here are a few more handy features of product variations:
Product variations automatically inherit the parameters and behavior of their parents, and you can change any specific values as needed. This is a great way to do a quick A/B testing of price, product naming, or offers while keeping other parameters the same.
You can create any number of product variations for any product, and change any parameters in each variation. The only common setting for all product variations of a given product is the Fulfillment Options.
To Create a Product Variation and Adjust a Specific Field
For the purpose of these instructions, we will be creating a variation of the fictional product DOCEdit with a different SKU value.
- From the Dashboard, select the Products menu and then select the Products, Bundles or Subscriptions tab, depending on the item for which you want to create a product variation.
- Select the tile for the product, bundle or subscription for which you want to create a variation.
- On the product details page, click CREATE VARIATION.
- The Create Variation popup window will appear.
In the Product Path field, enter the product path for the variation you are creating. This is also sometimes called the product ID. The product path is used in reporting and will be part of the Product Page URL for the new variation. Do not enter spaces or punctuation (except hyphens). In the example below, we are creating a variation for a product called DOCEdit. We will enter a product path of docedit-1.
The product path you enter will automatically be converted to lowercase letters upon changing focus away from the Product Path field.
In the Product Type field, select the type of product variation you are creating: Regular or Subscription. If you are creating a subscription variation, you will be able to configure the subscription properties for the variation after creation.
In the Visibility field, select whether the variation will be public (Public URLs) or private (Internal Offers). This field has the same effect as the selector found on the main product, bundle or subscription details page.
Click ADD to complete creation of the variation. The details page will appear once again, with the new variation just below the original product, bundle or subscription.
A column of source indicators on the right-hand side of the section for the new variation indicates whether or not each field's value is currently linked to the base product. Changing the value in one of these fields will permanently break the link to the base product for that field only. Other fields remain linked to the base product, so any changes to the base product will automatically be applied to the variation for those fields. In the example above, nothing has been changed yet, so most of variation's fields are still linked to the base product, whose product path is docedit. (Note, however, that the EDS option and the Pricing are never linked to the base product; these values are only inherited from the base product upon creation of the variation.)
As with a regular product, bundle or subscription, you can click anywhere in any line to edit the field. In the example below, we will click the SKU field and enter a different value.
After clicking SAVE to save the change, the details of the variation are shown once again. Notice the new price and the empty source indicator for the Pricing field.
- Suppose we had changed the pricing for this product variation to a reduced price so the variation could be used as a cross-sell offer. In that case, we would click the drop-down selector at the top right-hand corner of the product variation's details and select Switch to Private. The Private status prevents a product (or product variation) from being purchased by itself; items with this status can only be offered via product offers or product options . This ensures that if a purchaser removes the cross-sell triggering product from the cart, then the reduced-price cross-sell product variation will also be removed, to prevent the discount from being applied without the purchase of the triggering product.